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GLOSSARY

 
 A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

A
Amendments: Any proposed change to a bill or resolution as it moves through the legislative process.

Assembled: To bring or call together into a group or whole.
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B
Bicameral: A legislature consisting of two houses, such as the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Bills: A type of legislative measure that requires passage by both chambers of the legislature and action by the Governor. A bill is the primary means used to create and change the laws of a state. A bill must be approved by both chambers of the Legislature and signed by the Governor before it becomes law.

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C
Candidate: A person who seeks or is nominated for an office, prize, or honor.

Colonists: An original settler or founder of a colony.

Committee: A group of legislators, appointed by the presiding officer of the House or the Senate, to which proposed legislation is referred or a specific task is assigned.

Constituents: A resident of a district or member of a group represented by an elected official. One that authorizes another to act as a representative; a client.


Constitution
: The system of fundamental laws and principles that prescribes the nature, functions, and limits of a government or another institution.

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D
Debate: To engage in argument by discussing opposing points.

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E
Elected: To select by vote for an office or for membership.

Elections: The process of choosing government officials by a vote of the citizens.

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F
Filibuster: The use of obstructionist (blocking or interrupting) tactics, especially prolonged speechmaking, for the purpose of delaying legislative action.

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H
Historic Landmark: A building or site with historical significance, especially one marked for preservation by a municipal or national government.

House Chamber: A hall for the meetings of a legislative or other assembly.

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I
Illegal: Prohibited by law.

Immigration: To enter and settle in a country or region to which one is not native.

Infrastructure: The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons.

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L
Legislative: Of or relating to the enactment of laws.

Legislature: The lawmaking body (group of people) of the State of Texas. The Legislative body consists of two chambers (or parts), the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Lt. Governor: The leader of the Texas Senate. Unique in that he/she is part of both the Legislative and Executive branches of government.

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P
Podium: An elevated platform, as for an orchestra conductor or public speaker, (e.g., a member of the Texas Legislature may speak from a podium.)

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R
Rebuttal: To refute, especially by offering opposing evidence or arguments, as in a legal case, (e.g., a member of the Texas Legislature may disagree or offer a rebuttal to proposed legislation.)


Resolution: A formal expression of opinion or decision, other than a proposed law, that may be offered for approval to one or both houses of the legislature by a member of the House or Senate.

Run: To compete in a race for elected office, (e.g., a person may try to be elected to serve in an elected office).

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S
Senate Chamber
: A hall or the meeting place of a legislative or other assembly.

Session
:The period of time during which the Texas Legislature meets. The regular session convenes, or meets, every two years. The session may last no more than 140 days.

Settlement: A newly colonized region.

Sine Die: Latin for "without day." The term used to signify the end of the Legislative session.

Speaker of the House
: The presiding officer of the House of Representatives elected from and by the membership of the House at the beginning of each regular session.

Special Session: A called session, commonly referred to as a special session, is so designated because it must be called by the Governor. A called or special session may last no more than 30 days.

State Representative: Men and women who work at the State Capitol in Austin who consider bills and make new laws.


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T
Testimony: A declaration by a witness under oath, as that given before a court or deliberative body.

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U
Unicameral: Having or consisting of a single legislative chamber.

US Representative: Men and women who work at the Nation's Capitol in Washington D.C. who consider bills and make new laws.

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V
Vetoed: The rejection of an enrolled bill by the Governor.

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Y
Yield
: To give way to argument, persuasion, or influence.

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www.websters.com was used to compile some of the definitions.

 
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